The Top 5 Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

Are you ready to take your software engineering skills to the next level? As a new year begins, it's time to consider adding a few new programming languages to your arsenal. With the ever-changing technology landscape, staying on top of the latest languages is a must. With so many programming languages to choose from, however, it can be challenging to decide where to start.

Fortunately, we've done the heavy lifting for you. Here are the top five programming languages we think you should add to your list for 2021.

1. Python

First up, we have Python – a perfect language to learn for beginners and seasoned programmers alike. Python has been around for many years and is commonly used for data science, AI, and machine learning.

Python's syntax is easy to learn and use, with a simple and intuitive structure. It embodies the idea of readability, with code that is easy to understand and maintain. Whether you're looking to build desktop applications, web applications, or develop scripts, Python is a great language to start with.

Another compelling reason to learn Python is the vast number of libraries and frameworks available. Popular libraries such as NumPy, Pandas, Tensorflow, and PyTorch are widely used in data science and AI applications. Meanwhile, popular web frameworks like Django, Flask, and Pyramid make it easy to build web applications with Python.

But what really sets Python apart is its vast community. Python enthusiasts from all over the world are continually contributing to the language's growth, making it a living and breathing language that is always evolving.

2. JavaScript

Next up, we have JavaScript, which is more than just a language for creating dynamic websites. It's also ideal for creating web applications, mobile apps, and even desktop applications. As one of the most widely adopted languages, it's an essential language for modern software engineering.

One of the key strengths of JavaScript is its flexibility. It's not only a client-side language, but also server-side, rendering it useful for both front-end and back-end web development. There is a large community of developers constantly working on improving JavaScript's capabilities, making it more versatile, secure, and powerful with each passing year.

Moreover, JavaScript has a vast number of libraries and frameworks, making it a go-to for web development. Some of the popular frameworks are React, Angular, and Vue.js. React is widely adopted for crafting user interfaces, and Angular is used for building dynamic and responsive apps. Meanwhile, Vue.js is simpler, lighter, and great for small to medium-sized projects.

3. Kotlin

Kotlin has been adopted as the primary language for developing Android applications, surpassing Java in many ways. Developed by JetBrains, Kotlin combines object-oriented programming with functional features, allowing developers to create expressive, safe, and concise code. Like Java, it runs on the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

Kotlin has gained popularity due to its enhanced readability, low-downtime simulation, efficient cordiality to Java, interoperability with Java, and much more. It also has many Java libraries and frameworks that Kotlin developers can benefit from.

The adoption of Kotlin in the Android development field means that learning it is an excellent career move for anyone looking to work in mobile app development.

4. Rust

Rust, developed by Mozilla, is a modern programming language with a focus on system-level applications. It has many advantages over traditional languages such as C++, making it good for both high-performance systems programming projects and memory-safe systems programming.

Rust is also a strong choice for WebAssembly, as it is designed to be compiled in small snippets. The language allows for writing low-level code that is more performant than what is possible with higher-level languages—making it efficient, reliable, secure, and less prone to errors.

In recent years, Rust has seen a surge in popularity due to its performance capabilities and reduced memory consumption. Therefore, mastering Rust is an excellent career move for anyone who wants to work on system-level applications.

5. Golang

Finally, we have Golang, also known as Go, a language created by Google around ten years ago. Go offers some exciting features as it is a relatively fast and expressive compiled language with an emphasis on concurrency and scalability of applications.

Go is also an easy language to learn, especially for programmers who already have some experience with C++, Java, or Python.

Furthermore, Go's popularity is on the rise, as it is a preferred language for many applications that require speed and quick response. It has active support from the Go community, with many developers contributing to its development.

Some popular libraries and frameworks built-in Go include Gorilla, Revel, and Martini. The language's simplicity and power make it a popular choice among developers developing high-performance web applications.


There you have it, the top five programming languages to learn in 2021. Whether you're a seasoned programmer or just starting out, learning these languages can take your software engineering skills to the next level.

These programming languages offer an entirely fresh set of tools that will enable you to develop faster, more reliable, and more efficient code. Whether you're interested in building web applications, machine learning, or system-level programming, these languages have got you covered.

Now it's time to dive in, explore and conquer each one of these languages. Happy programming!

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